Motives of the American Colonization Society During the Liberian Movement
The American Colonization Society was formed by abolitionists, religious leaders, and formerly enslaved people to emigrate free blacks and form a black society in Liberia. This society formed in 1816 after Reverend Robert Finley gathered a following who and believed blacks could never be fully integrated into American society. Many Founding Fathers were supporters of the movement and wrote letters to government leaders to aid society members. The ACS raised money to fund the transport of free blacks to Liberia so they could make their own nation separate from Whites. While certain groups held similar motives for the export of blacks to Liberia, the true motive for the ACS was to preserve the United States as a white-dominated union and allow blacks with the opportunity to create their own guild elsewhere.